France has always been attractive to immigrants. In 2008, the INSEE estimated that 5.3 million foreign-born residents and 6.5 million of their descendants (French-born of at least one immigrant parent) lived in France, for a total of 11.8 million, which was 19% of the total population in metropolitan France – 62.1 million at the time. These numbers included roughly 5.5 million of European origin, 4 million of Maghrebi origin, 1 million of Sub-Saharan African origin and 400,000 of Turkish origin. In 2010, 27.3% of the 802,000 newborns in metropolitan France had at least one foreign-born parent. In 2012, 229,000 foreigners arrived in the country.